Indicators for Media Pluralism in the Member States - Towards a Risk-Based Approach

CMCS was part of a consortium that was contracted by the European Commisson to conduct the independent study "Indicators for media pluralism in the Member States - towards a risk-based approach" (2008-2009). Other partners of the consortium were K.U.Leuven (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven), Ernst & Young Belgium, and Jönköping International Business School.

The output of the study, including the final report as well as a user guide and an Excel file containing the indicators embedded in a risk-based scoring system, is available online on the European Commission website

The study was one of the three steps in the Commission's approach for advancing the debate on media pluralism. The goal of the study was to create an effective monitoring tool to help the European Commission, but also national policy makers and other stakeholders, to assess media pluralism within the EU. This tool should be able to signal when and where risks to media pluralism might occur.

The analytical framework contained three types of indicators:

  • a set of indicators to measure (the presence and effectiveness of) policies and legal instruments that support pluralism in Member States;
  • a set of indicators to measure the range of media available to citizens in different Member States and to define different types of media markets from an end-user perspective and in the light of socio-demographic factors;
  • a set of indicators to assess the range and diversity of media looking at the supply side and economic performance of the media (such as the number of media companies, concentration and profitability ratios, etc.).