ZARAH: Women’s Labor Activism in Eastern Europe and Transnationally, from the Age of Empires to the Late 20th Century

February, 2020 to January, 2025
EU FP7 - ERC Advanced Grant

ZARAH explores the history of women’s labor activism and organizing to improve labor conditions and life circumstances of lower and working class women and their communities—moving these women from the margins of labor, gender, and European history to the centre of historical study. 

ZARAH’s research rationale is rooted in the interest in the interaction of gender, class, and other dimensions of difference (e.g. ethnicity and religion) as forces that shaped women’s activism. It addresses the gender bias in labor history, the class bias in gender history, and the regional bias in European history. ZARAH conceives of women’s labor activism as emerging from the confluence of local, nation-wide, border-crossing and international initiatives, interactions and networking. It studies this activism in the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman Empires, the post-imperial nation states, and during the Cold War and the years thereafter. Employing a long-term and trans-regional perspective, ZARAH highlights how a history of numerous social upheavals, and changing borders and political systems shaped the agency of the women studied, and examines their contribution to the struggle for socio-economic inclusion and the making of gender-, labor-, and social policies. 

ZARAH comprises, in addition to the PI, an international group of post-doctoral and doctoral researchers at CEU, distinguished by their excellent command of the history and languages of the region. The research rationale, research questions, and methodological framework were developed through an intensive exploratory research phase (2016–2017). ZARAH is a pioneering project that consists of a web of component and collaborative studies, which include all relevant groups of activists and activisms, span the whole region, and cover the period between the 1880s and the 1990s. It will generate key research resources that are available to all students and scholars, and will set the stage for research for a long time to come.

Related link: ZARAH Website

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